Gum disease refers to gum inflammation that causes the bone and other tissues around your teeth to become affected. Gum disease can be categorized into three stages (gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that nearly half of Americans aged 30 and older suffer from periodontitis. The doctors at Parker CO Dentist believe that the progression of this disease can be stopped at any stage, though it may be common. Gum disease can be handled with a variety of treatments.
Gum Disease Nonsurgical Treatment
The first way to treat periodontitis involves a nonsurgical approach called scaling and root planing (SRP). This conservative treatment can be done by a hygienist at The Parker Family Dentistry or by either Dr. Amber Schmidt
During this procedure, the teeth and roots are scraped to remove any calculus (tartar) and plaque that has accumulated there. In the process of scaling, the treated surfaces are smoothed to prevent bacteria from growing in rough spots.
As an experienced dentist in Parker CO, Dr. Amber Schmidt explains that more than one visit is usually required to complete the SRP treatment. No need to worry about pain; the local anesthetic will ensure that you will barely feel anything during treatment.
Parker CO dentists will examine you a few weeks after surgery to make sure you have healed correctly. No further treatment is usually necessary if everything went well following your surgery. It's possible that SRP is repeated or another treatment option is used if you're not healing as expected.
Surgical Pocket Reduction
After scaling and root planning, if deep gingival pockets (the spaces between your gums and your teeth) still exist, another option is to schedule pocket reduction surgery. The process is explained by, Dr. Amber Schmidt a dentist in Parker CO.
Folding back gum tissue will allow bacteria to be removed. In order to reattach your gums to your teeth, damaged sections of bone will be smoothed out.
Treatment of gum disease with gum grafts
It is possible for gum recession to cause exposed tooth roots when periodontal disease has advanced. Exposed roots can cause discomfort and sensitivity. There is a possibility that gum grafting is needed in this situation, so The Parker Family Dentistry will be able to perform the procedure.
Dr.Amber Schmidt, a Parker dentist, explains that the gum tissue is taken from another place, such as the palate, and placed on the roots of the teeth that are affected. This surgical intervention will make your teeth less sensitive and prevent root decay.
What Causes Gum Disease?
Gum disease is caused by poor oral hygiene, which allows bacteria in plaque and calculus to remain on the teeth and infect the gums. Other factors, however, contribute to the development of gingivitis. Some of the most common risk factors are listed below:
- Tobacco smoking or chewing prevents the gum tissue from healing.
- Crooked, rotated, or overlapping teeth create more plaque and calculus accumulation areas and are therefore more difficult to clean.
- Gum Disease is commonly associated with hormonal changes such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. Hormones cause the blood vessels in the gums to constrict.
- Bacterial and chemical attacks make you more vulnerable. Gingivitis is common in teenagers, with 70%-90% of them having it.
- Cancer and its treatment can make a person more susceptible to infection, increasing the risk of gum disease.
- The mouth's defense mechanisms are harmed by alcohol.
- The immune response to bacterial invasion is weakened by stress.
- When the gums are not protected by the lips, mouth breathing can cause chronic irritation and inflammation.
- Plaque formation will be accelerated by poor nutrition, such as a high-sugar, high-carbohydrate diet with little water intake. A lack of essential nutrients, such as vitamin C, can also stymie healing.
- Diabetes makes it difficult for the gums to heal and circulate.
- Antiseizure medications, for example, increase the risk of gum disease.
- Dental care is either infrequent or non-existent.
- Saliva production is inadequate.
Is Gum Disease spreadable?
While most of the factors that cause gingivitis and periodontal disease are unique to each person, there has been some limited scientific evidence to suggest that the bacteria that cause gingivitis and periodontitis can be passed down from parents to children and couples.